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Wainmans Double Arched Lime Kiln
Made Grade II Listed Building
Date: 1st February 2005
 
Confirmation Cover Letter
Department for Culture, Media and Sport
2-4 Cockspur Street, London SW1Y 5DH
Tel 020 7211 2359
Fax 020 7211 2389

Our Ref SL996/04
1st February 2005

Dear Mr R C Thornton & Mr M A Wilson

PLANNING (LISTED BUILDINGS AND CONSERVATION AREAS) ACT 1990
BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST

THE LIME KILN, LOW LANE ENDS FARM, COWLING, NORTH YORKS

I refer to your letter received in this department on 25 May in which you asked the
Secretary of State to consider the above building for statutory listing.

After careful consideration of all the evidence, including advice from English
Heritage, the Secretary of State has decided to list the building. It was added to the
list today in Grade II having been judged to be a building of special architectural or
historic interest. I enclose a copy of the list entry for your information

Yours sincerely
Mariam Fall
Listings Caseworker
Inspectors Report - Part 1 of 2
English Heritage (Listing) Inspector's Advice Print 28 SEP 2004
ADDRESS

Lime Kiln, Wainmans Bottom, in front of Carr Head, COWLING
Parish COWLING Case UID: 157307
District CRAVEN
County NORTH YORKSHIRE
Date First Listed:

Formerly Listed As:

RECOMMENDATION

Inspector: Mrs A Clarke

Outcome: Yes, list Recommended Grade: II 17-SEP-2004
Advice Comments/Reason for No Previous Listing:

Reason For Decision: I have looked at all the papers on this file and other relevant information and
have carefully considered the architectural and historic interest of this case. In my view The criteria
for listing are fulfilled.

This is a well preserved lime kiln sturdily built of roughly dressed and coursed rubble. It sits against
a steep bank which has been enhanced to accommodate the kiln, with a gently sloping charging
-amp to the left side, leading up to the top of the kiln. From the height of this ramp one can infer that the kiln pot
survives to about its original height. A semi-circle of masonry can be seen rising
just above ground level at the top of the kiln. The kiln has a pointed relieving arch above the draw
hole at the base which extends to almost the full height of the structure and forms a prominent
architectural feature of the kiln.

Old maps show up to 15 kilns in the vicinity, spread along the banks of local becks, indicating that
this was an important local industry, providing lime for building and agriculture.

The kiln is sufficiently well built and complete to merit listing at Grade II, and would benefit from the
removal of vegetation currently invading the structure.

Decision Precis: This stone-built lime kiln is complete and well-made, retaining its internal
chamber and a charging ramp to the left, and is therefore worth listing.

VISITS

14-SEP-2004 Full inspection

Page 1 of 2
Inspectors Report - Part 2 of 2
English Heritage (Listing) Inspector's Advice Print 28 SEP 2004

COUNTERSIGNING

First Countersigning Inspector: Mrs C Ryan

Comments: As a complete late C18 lime kiln, thought to be the only one surviving in the area
out of an original 15 and therefore providing evidence of a once important local industry, this
structure merits statutory listing. 23/09/04

Second Countersigning Inspector: Mr R Hawkins

Comments: Agreed. A lime kiln of unusual design, surviving in a Ittle-altered state, with its
associated charging ramp intact.27-09-04

Proposed List Entry

COWLING

CARR HEAD

Lime Kiln, Wainmans Bottom, in front of Carr
492153 Head

Lime kiln, probably late C18 draw kiln, of roughly dressed coursed stone. It
is built into a steep slope which is almost certainly artificially enhanced,
with a charging ramp to the left. Semi-circular in plan, with an elliptical
arched entrance c.1.5 metres high. Total height of c.4 metres, this rising
to just above the upper ground level. Above the entrance, a pointed
relieving arch. Interior overgrown at time of inspection, but with internal
chamber complete with possible ledge at rear. Said to be remaining one of
15 in vicinity near to local becks.

Page 2 of 2
SCHEDULE
The following building shall be added:-

COWLING

CARR HEAD

Lime Kiln, Wainmans Bottom,
492153 In front of Carr Head

Lime kiln, probably late C18 draw kiln, of roughly dressed coursed stone. It is built
into a steep slope which is almost certainly artificially enhanced, with a charging
ramp to the left. Semi-circular in plan, with an elliptical arched entrance c.1.5
metres high. Total height of c.4 metres, this rising to just above the upper ground
level. Above the entrance, a pointed relieving arch. Interior overgrown at time of
inspection, but with internal chamber complete with possible ledge at rear. Said to
be remaining one of 15 in vicinity near to local becks.

-----------------------

Dated:- 27th January 2005

Signed by authority of the
Secretary of State

ELAINE PEARCE

Department for Culture, Media
and Sport
PLANNING ACT 1990 (LISTED BUILDINGS AND CONSERVATION AREAS) 
7TH AMENDMENT OF THE 25TH LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL

ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST

DISTRICT OF CRAVEN (NORTH YORKSHIRE)

WHEREAS:

1. Section 1 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 ("the Act")
requires the Secretary of State, for the purposes of the Act and with a view to the guidance
of local planning authorities in the performance of their functions under the Act and the
Town and Country Planning Act 1990 in relation to buildings of special architectural or
historic interest, to compile lists of such buildings, and she may amend any list so compiled.

2. On 23 October 1984, the Secretary of State compiled a list of buildings of special
architectural or historic interest situated in the District of Craven (that part including the
Civil Parish of Cowling).

3. The Secretary of State, having consulted with the Historic Buildings and Monuments
Commission for England and such other persons or bodies of persons who appear to her
appropriate as having special knowledge of, and interest in, such buildings, considers that
the said list should be amended in the manner set out in the Schedule hereto.

NOW THEREFORE the Secretary of State, in exercise of the powers conferred on her by
Section 1 of the Act, hereby amends the said list in the manner set out in the Schedule
hereto.

HSD DOC 2
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