|Local Lime kilns
LIME KILNS from
Doris. J. Brigg. - Supplied By: Mrs Anne
|Lime Kilns line all the
streams from Glusburn to
Cowling and up to the
moors. Ghyll Bottom,
Scar Beck. Ickornshaw
The following have been
traced by the late Mr.
Jonas Bradley of
1 Tommy Stows kiln.
2 Below Lane Ends
Bridge. ( in road
leading to Cross Gate )
3 Near Old Stables Carr
4 Sugdens Bottoms above
5 Near F fishers Bridge
leading to Cross Gates.
6 Ridge Mill Bridge (
dark hoil ) ?.
7 In Dark Hoil. ?
Cowling. 8 Royd far
9 White Gate Wood
10 Far end of Royd.
11 Scar beck.
12 Near scar bottom.
13 Scar bottom.
14 Crow wood bottom.
15 Fellows Lunds near
16 Shepherds Green
17 Several kilns all the
way up to Will Emmotts
Wood and forward up to
Cowlaughton many there.
Near the public foot path in Wainmans bottoms in front of Carr
Head is what is believed a unique lime kiln due to it's double
arch, it can be found on a map of Cowling dated 1853 along with
14 other Lime kilns that are well marked out in various
positions along both sides of Ickornshaw Beck, Gill Beck and
Lumb Mill Beck.
The kilns were used to burn limestone at a high temperature to
produce quicklime which was mixed with sand and used as mortar
or plaster for building purposes although rural kilns did have a
double purpose and were also used for agriculture for making
lime to be spread on the land to break down the soil.
The kilns within Cowling would have been mainly for agricultural
use, with the lime stone coming from the becks named above.
Lime kilns were in use during the Anglo-Saxon period, although
there is little archaeological evidence for this.
Dating back to medieval times the lime kilns were industrial
structures generally comprising a circular, square or
rectangular pit, usually between 1 and 5m in diameter and up to
3m in depth, in which the lime was fired using timber, charcoal
or coal as fuel. At the base of the pit there are often one or
more draw holes or stoke holes, through which the fire was lit,
fed, and the ashes and lime extracted.