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Local Lime kilns
LIME KILNS from Doris. J. Brigg. - Supplied By: Mrs Anne Akeroyd.
Lime Kilns line all the streams from Glusburn to Cowling and up to the moors. Ghyll Bottom, Scar Beck. Ickornshaw Beck etc.

The following have been traced by the late Mr. Jonas Bradley of Stanbury.

1 Tommy Stows kiln.
2 Below Lane Ends Bridge. ( in road leading to Cross Gate )
3 Near Old Stables Carr Head.
4 Sugdens Bottoms above stepping stones.
5 Near F fishers Bridge leading to Cross Gates.
6 Ridge Mill Bridge ( dark hoil ) ?.
7 In Dark Hoil. ? Cowling. 8 Royd far ends.
9 White Gate Wood Bottom.
10 Far end of Royd.
11 Scar beck.
12 Near scar bottom.
13 Scar bottom.
14 Crow wood bottom.
15 Fellows Lunds near Cock Hall.
16 Shepherds Green
17 Several kilns all the way up to Will Emmotts Wood and forward up to Cowlaughton many there.
Near the public foot path in Wainmans bottoms in front of Carr Head is what is believed a unique lime kiln due to it's double arch, it can be found on a map of Cowling dated 1853 along with 14 other Lime kilns that are well marked out in various positions along both sides of Ickornshaw Beck, Gill Beck and Lumb Mill Beck.

The kilns were used to burn limestone at a high temperature to produce quicklime which was mixed with sand and used as mortar or plaster for building purposes although rural kilns did have a double purpose and were also used for agriculture for making lime to be spread on the land to break down the soil.

The kilns within Cowling would have been mainly for agricultural use, with the lime stone coming from the becks named above.

Lime kilns were in use during the Anglo-Saxon period, although there is little archaeological evidence for this.

Dating back to medieval times the lime kilns were industrial structures generally comprising a circular, square or rectangular pit, usually between 1 and 5m in diameter and up to 3m in depth, in which the lime was fired using timber, charcoal or coal as fuel. At the base of the pit there are often one or more draw holes or stoke holes, through which the fire was lit, fed, and the ashes and lime extracted.
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